DBpedia is considered the Semantic Web mirror of Wikipedia. Over time, Wikipedia articles are revised, which makes the data in DBpedia outdated. The main objective of DBpedia Live is to keep DBpedia always in synchronization with Wikipedia.
The core of DBpedia consists of an infobox extraction process. Infoboxes are templates contained in many Wikipedia articles. They are usually displayed in the top right corner of articles and contain factual information.
In addition to the infobox extraction process, the framework has currently 19 extractors which process the following types of Wikipedia content:
- Interlanguage links
- External links
- Page links
- Person data
- SKOS categories
- Page ID
- Revision ID
- Category label
- Article categories
2. DBpedia Live System Architecture
The main components of the DBpedia Live system are as follows:
- Local Wikipedia: We have installed a local copy of Wikipedia that will be kept in synchronization with Wikipedia. The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) enables an application to get a continuous stream of updates from a wiki. OAI-PMH is also used to feed updates into the DBpedia Live Extraction Manager.
- MappingWiki: DBpedia mappings can be found at http://mappings.dbpedia.org. It is also a wiki. We can also use OAI-PMH to get a stream of updates in DBpedia mappings. Basically, a change of mapping affects several Wikipedia pages, which should be reprocessed.
- DBpedia Live Extraction Manager: This component is the actual DBpedia Live extraction framework. When there is a page that should be processed, the framework applies the extractors to it. After processing a page, the newly extracted triples are inserted into the backend triple store (Virtuoso), overwriting the old triples. The newly extracted triples are also written as N-Triples file and compressed. Other applications or DBpedia Live mirrors that should always be in synchronization with our DBpedia Live can download those files and feed them into their own triple stores. The extraction manager is discussed in more detail below.
3. New Features
The old PHP-based framework is deployed on one of the OpenLink servers; it currently has a SPARQL endpoint at http://dbpedia-live.openlinksw.com/sparql.
In addition to the migration to Java, the new DBpedia Live framework has the following new features:
- Abstract extraction: The abstract of of a Wikipedia article contains the first few paragraphs of that article. The new framework has the ability to cleanly extract the abstract of an article.
- Mapping-affected pages: Upon a change in mapping, the pages affected by that mapping should be reprocessed and their triples should be updated to reflect that change.
- Updating unmodified pages: Sometimes a change in the system occurs, e.g. a change in the implementation of an extractor. This change can affect many pages even if they are not modified. In DBpedia Live, we use a low-priority queue for such changes, such that the updates will eventually appear in DBpedia Live, but recent Wikipedia updates are processed first.
- Publication of changesets: Upon modification, old triples are replaced with updated triples. The added and/or deleted triples are also written as N-Triples files and then compressed. Any client application or DBpedia Live mirror can download the files and integrate (and, hence, update) a local copy of DBpedia. This enables that application to stay in synchronization with our version of DBpedia Live.
- Development of synchronization tool: The synchronization tool enables a DBpedia Live mirror to stay in synchronization with our live endpoint. It downloads the changeset files sequentially, decompresses them, and integrates them with another DBpedia Live mirror.
4. Important Pointers
- SPARQL-endpoint: The DBpedia Live SPARQL-endpoint can be accessed at http://live.dbpedia.org/sparql.
- DBpedia Live Statistics: Some simple statistics are provided upon extraction on http://live.dbpedia.org/statistics.
- Updates: The N-Triples files containing the updates can be found at http://live.dbpedia.org/changesets.
- DBpedia Live Sourcecode: https://github.com/dbpedia/extraction-framework/.
- Synchronization Tool: https://github.com/dbpedia/dbpedia-live-mirror/.
Q: Does DBpedia Live automatically resume from the point where it has stopped, or start from the current timestamp?
A: DBpedia Live will start from the last point at which it has stopped.
Q: The live-updates of DBpedia (changesets) have the structure year/month/day/hour/xxxx.nt.gz. What does it mean if there are some gaps in between, e.g. a folder for some hour is missing?
A: This means that the service was down at that time.
Q: Can the speed of processing of DBpedia Live cope with the speed of data-stream?
A: According to our statistics, 1.4 Wikipedia articles are modified per second which results in 84 articles per minute.
DBpedia Live can, on average, process about 105 pages per minute.
Q: Does an article change in Wikipedia result in only 2 files per article (one for delete and one for added triples) or do you spread this over several files?
A: Actually, an article update results in two sets of triples: one for the added triples and one for the deleted triples.
In order not to have too many files in our updates folder available at http://live.dbpedia.org/liveupdates/, we combine the triples of several articles into one file.
Q: Does DBpedia Live also address the issue of a change in infobox mappings?
Q: If I want to maintain a DBpedia Live mirror, why do I need to download the latest DBpedia Live dump from http://live.dbpedia.org/dumps/?
A: Basically, you don't have to download the latest dump, but this strategy is faster: you will start from a filled triple store, so you will have to download a smaller number of changeset files.
Q: Where can I find the synchronization tool for DBpedia Live, i.e., the tool that synchronizes a DBpedia Live mirror with ours?
A: You can download the DBpedia Integrator tool from https://github.com/dbpedia/dbpedia-live-mirror.
Q: If I find a bug in the extraction framework, how can I report that bug?
A: You can use the DBpedia bug tracker to post the bug.